What is a SharePoint Farm?

It is a common question asked by many users that what exactly we mean by SharePoint Farm? The answer is

A SharePoint Farm is a collection of all those SharePoint servers that share the same SharePoint configuration database.

By Default, configuration database name is SharePoint_Config. As per Microsoft TechNet article here, configuration database is the fundamental SharePoint database and used for following:

  • Contains data about all SharePoint databases,
  • all Internet Information Services (IIS) Web sites or Web applications,
  • Trusted solutions,
  • Web Part Packages,
  • Site templates,
  • Web application and farm settings specific to SharePoint 2013, such as default quota and blocked file types.

 

Requirements:

  • Must be co-located with Central Administration Content database
  • Only one Configuration database is supported per farm.
  • Scale up only, significant growth is unlikely.
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